Of the 16.1 million refugees registered with the UNHCR, 86 per cent are hosted by developing countries, the highest percentage in more than twenty years. This means that countries with minimal resources are hosting the majority of refugees.
Turkey hosts the largest number of refugees in the world, accommodating 2.5 million in 2015, which is almost a million more than the previous year.
Host countries accommodating the greatest numbers of refugees at the end of 2015:
|Host Countries||Number refugees at end-2015|
|Democratic Republic of the Congo||383,100|
Of the 2 million new applications for asylum submitted in 2015, most were received by developed countries including Germany, the United States, Sweden and Russia.
The ten countries that received the highest number of new applications for asylum in 2015:
|Receiving Countries||Number of Applications||Countries of Origin|
|Germany||441,900||Largest number of applications from Syria, plus a large increase from Albania.|
|United States||172,700||Over half of all applications from Mexico and Central American countries, including El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras, plus a significant number from China.|
|Sweden||156,400||Majority of applications from Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq.|
|Russia||152,500||Almost all applications from the Ukraine.|
|Turkey||133,300||Largest number of applications from Iraq, plus significant increases from Afghanistan and Iran.|
|Austria||85,800||Largest number of applications from Afghanistan and Syria, plus a significant increase from Iraq.|
|Italy||83,200||Largest number of applications from Nigeria and Pakistan, followed by the Gambia, Senegal and Bangladesh.|
|Hungary||74,200||Approximately half of all applications from Syria, followed by Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iraq.|
|France||74,200||Largest number of applications from the Sudan, followed by Serbia and Kosovo, Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan.|
|South Africa||62,200||Largest number of applications from Zimbabwe, followed by Ethiopia, Nigeria and Democratic Republic of the Congo.|
Recognition rates (the number of asylum seekers granted convention refugee status, or a complementary form of protection, divided by the total number of substantive decisions) were over 85 per cent for applications from Syria, South Sudan, the Central African Republic, Yemen, the Ukraine, Burundi, Iraq, Myanmar, Eritrea, Somalia, and the State of Palestine.
Whereas, recognition rates were below 4 per cent for applications from the former Yugoslavia, including Montenegro, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia and Kosovo, and Bosnia and Herzegovina.
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Last updated November 2016.