STATISTICS

Providing up-to-date statistics on asylum seekers in Australia and internationally.

PEOPLE IN DETENTION

1,347

People in detention in Australia. 433 arrived ‘unlawfully’ by air or boat. 914 arrived ‘lawfully’ and were taken into immigration detention for overstaying or having visas cancelled. Source: Department of Home Affairs.

843

People in community detention in Australia. 305 are in Queensland. 257 are in Victoria. 159 are in New South Wales. Source: Department of Home Affairs.

45

Stateless people in immigration detention in Australia. Source: Department of Home Affairs.

0

People in closed detention on Nauru. Source: Department of Home Affairs.

562

The number of people in regional processing countries. Source: Legal and Constitutional Affairs Legislation Committee, Senate Estimates, 21 October 2019

632

People who were in detention on Manus Island or Nauru have been resettled in the US under the United States resettlement deal. Source: Legal and Constitutional Affairs Legislation Committee, Senate Estimates, 21 October 2019

135

People brought to Australia from Manus Island or Nauru for urgent medical treatment after the passing of the Medevac Bill (2 March 2019). A further 39 people held offshore have been approved for transfer. Source: Legal and Constitutional Affairs Legislation Committee, Senate Estimates, 21 October 2019

<5

Children in detention, all located on the Australian mainland. Source: Department of Home Affairs.

285

Children in community detention in Australia. Source: Department of Home Affairs.

502

Average days spent in an immigration detention. Source: Department of Home Affairs.

59

known deaths in onshore and offshore detention facilities (including community detention) since 2000, with 19 of those known or suspected to be suicides. Source:  Australian Border Death Database.

13

known deaths in offshore detention or of those associated with offshore processing since February 2014, including 7 by known or suspected suicide. Source:  Australian Border Death Database.

19

known deaths of people seeking asylum on Bridging Visas, or refugees on temporary visas since 2013, including 16 by suspected or known suicide. Source:  Australian Border Death Database.

>$5 billion

Spent on Manus and Nauru detention centres since 2012. The 2019 - 2020 Budget allocates $526 million. Sources: Kaldor Centre 

828

Voluntary returns of people in detention back to their country of origin between September 2013 to 30 August 2019. Source: Operation Sovereign Borders.

39

Involuntary returns of people in detention back to their country of origin between September 2013 to 30 August 2019. Source: Operation Sovereign Borders.

 Last Updated: 10 November 2019


Medical Transfers (and accompanying family) from PNG and Nauru by year

Source: DHA Submission (Sub 55) to Migration Amendment (Repairing Medical Transfers)Bill 2019 - Factsheet 6

A total of 1,419 people have been transferred for medical treatment from Manus Island (236) and Nauru (1,183) to Australia between November 2012 and July 2019. Only 157 people were transferred for medical treatment from Manus Island (28) and Nauru (129) between June 2015 and June 2018. 485 people have been transferred from Manus Island (93) and Nauru (392) from July 2018 to July 2019.

BOAT ARRIVALS TO AUSTRALIA AND TURNBACKS

36 boats and 852 people

Turned back in boats between September 2013 and July 2019 under Operation Sovereign Borders. None of those intercepted were deemed to be owed protection obligations. The last boat reported to be turned around was in August 2019 and contained 13 people from Sri Lanka. They were taken to Christmas Island for processing. Source: DHA Submission (Sub 55) to Migration Amendment (Repairing Medical Transfers)Bill 2019 and The Australian.

Under the Howard Government from 2001 to 2003, 5 boats containing 614 people were turned back. Sources: Australian Government Press Release and ReliefWeb Report. 

Number of asylum seekers arriving by boat

Sources: Parliamentary Library & Australian Customs

Number of asylum seeker deaths at sea

Source: Australian Border Deaths Database

Last Updated: 10 November 2019


REFUGEES & PEOPLE SEEKING ASYLUM IN AUSTRALIA

Permanent humanitarian visas

18,762

Permanent humanitarian visas granted in 2018-19, this has increased from 16,250 permanent humanitarian visas granted by the Australian government in 2017-18. The projected number of grants for 2017-18 was 16,250 visas and for 2018-19 was 18,750 visas. Source: Department of Home Affairs.

Women-at-Risk visas

In 2018 - 2019, the government set aside 2,565 places within the offshore component of the humanitarian program for vulnerable women and families. As at 30 June 2019, 2,947 visas were granted to vulnerable women and their families. Source: Department of Home Affairs.

Humanitarian intake by program

Source: Visa Statistics, Department of Home Affairs

24,566

Total number of onshore protection visa (PV) applications lodged in 2018-2019, a decrease from 2017 -2018 when there were 27,931 applications lodged. The top five countries of origin for applicants in 2018-2019 are Malaysia (8,013), China (4,872), India (1,864), Thailand (1,319), and Fiji (980). The top five countries of origin for people granted onshore PVs in 2018-2019 are Libya (93%), Syria (90%), Afghanistan (83%), Iran (79%), and Turkey (73%). Source: Department of Home Affairs.

The ‘Legacy Caseload’ and temporary protection visas

31,000

The number of people seeking asylum in Australia from the ‘IMA Legacy Caseload' as of 1 October 2019 Source: Department of Home Affairs.

5,476  

Temporary Protection Visas (TPVs) granted to people from the IMA legacy caseload and 2,767 refusals as of 1 October 2019. Source: Department of Home Affairs.

10,849

Safe Haven Enterprise Visas (SHEVs) granted to people from the IMA legacy caseload and 4,278 refusals as of 1 October 2019. Source: Department of Home Affairs.

11,746

People seeking asylum in the who arrived by boat living in Australia on a Bridging Visa E (BVE) as of 30 June 2019. A further 2,081 are living on expired BVEs which are yet to be renewed. 46% are in Victoria, 37.4% in NSW, and 6.4% in Queensland. In Victoria (1,233) and NSW (558) alone, 1,791 are children. Source: Department of Home Affairs.

Last updated: 10 November 2019


ASYLUM SEEKERS INTERNATIONALLY

2.14 million

New asylum applications and appeals lodged between January and December 2018, the majority received in the United States. Source: UNHCR.

3.5 million

Individuals awaiting outcomes on their applications for asylum or refugee status globally at the end of 2018. Source: UNHCR.

1.13 million

Asylum cases decided on in 2018. Of these, 351,100 people were recognised as refugees, 149,000 were granted complementary protection and 634,000 had their claims rejected. Source: UNHCR.

1.4 million

Estimated number of refugees in need of third country resettlement in 2018. Source: UNHCR.

92,400

Refugees globally were resettled to third countries in 2018, 11% fewer than in 2017. Australia accepted 12,700. This amounts to 6.6% of the total number of people estimated to be in need of third country resettlement in 2018. Source: UNHCR

Global migrant border deaths

Source: International Organization for Migration: https://missingmigrants.iom.int/

Last updated: 10 November 2019

Statistics are updated regularly. Request an asylum statistic: info@asyluminsight.com.