STATISTICS

Providing up-to-date statistics on asylum seekers in Australia and internationally.

PEOPLE IN DETENTION

1,352

People in detention in Australia. 455 arrived ‘unlawfully’ by air or boat. 897 arrived ‘lawfully’ and were taken into immigration detention for overstaying or having visas cancelled. Source: Department of Home Affairs.

781

People in community detention in Australia. 284 are in Queensland. 236 are in Victoria. 145 are in New South Wales. Source: Department of Home Affairs.

56

Stateless people in immigration detention in Australia. Source: Department of Home Affairs.

0

People in closed detention on Nauru. Source: Department of Home Affairs.

715

The number of people in regional processing countries. 409 are in Papua New Guinea. 304 are on Nauru. 2 are in Taiwan for medical treatment. Source: Department of Home Affairs Submission (DHA) (Sub 55) to Migration Amendment (Repairing Medical Transfers)Bill 2019

604

People who were in detention on Manus Island or Nauru have been resettled in the US under the United States resettlement deal. A further 265 have received provisional approval and are in various stages of pre-departure. Source: DHA Submission (Sub 55) to Migration Amendment (Repairing Medical Transfers)Bill 2019

130

People brought to Australia from Manus Island or Nauru for urgent medical treatment after the passing of the Medevac Bill (2 March 2019). Source: DHA Submission (Sub 55) to Migration Amendment (Repairing Medical Transfers)Bill 2019

<5

Children in detention, all located on the Australian mainland. Source: Department of Home Affairs.

285

Children in community detention in Australia. Source: Department of Home Affairs.

485

Average days spent in an immigration detention. Source: Department of Home Affairs.

59

Deaths in onshore and offshore detention facilities since 2000, with 17 of those known to be suicides. At least 12 of the overall number of deaths are people on Manus Island or Nauru, since 2013. Source: Human Rights Watch and Australian Border Death Database.

>$5 billion

Spent on Manus and Nauru detention centres since 2012. The 2019 - 2020 Budget allocates $526 million. Sources: Kaldor Centre 

811

Voluntary returns of people in detention back to their country of origin between September 2013 to 30 April 2019. Source: Operation Sovereign Borders.

37

Involuntary returns of people in detention back to their country of origin between September 2013 to 30 April 2019. Source: Operation Sovereign Borders.

 Last Updated: 27 August 2019


Medical Transfers (and accompanying family) from PNG and Nauru by year

Source: DHA Submission (Sub 55) to Migration Amendment (Repairing Medical Transfers)Bill 2019 - Factsheet 6

A total of 1,419 people have been transferred for medical treatment from Manus Island (236) and Nauru (1,183) to Australia between November 2012 and July 2019. Only 157 people were transferred for medical treatment from Manus Island (28) and Nauru (129) between June 2015 and June 2018. 485 people have been transferred from Manus Island (93) and Nauru (392) from July 2018 to July 2019.

BOAT ARRIVALS TO AUSTRALIA AND TURNBACKS

36 boats and 852 people

Turned back in boats between September 2013 and July 2019 under Operation Sovereign Borders. None of those intercepted were deemed to be owed protection obligations. The last boat reported to be turned around was in August 2019 and contained 13 people from Sri Lanka. They were taken to Christmas Island for processing. Source: DHA Submission (Sub 55) to Migration Amendment (Repairing Medical Transfers)Bill 2019 and The Australian.

Under the Howard Government from 2001 to 2003, 5 boats containing 614 people were turned back. Sources: Australian Government Press Release and ReliefWeb Report. 

Number of asylum seekers arriving by boat

Sources: Parliamentary Library & Australian Customs

Number of asylum seeker deaths at sea

Source: Australian Border Deaths Database

Last Updated: 2 September 2019


REFUGEES & PEOPLE SEEKING ASYLUM IN AUSTRALIA

Permanent humanitarian visas

16,250

Permanent humanitarian visas granted in 2017-18, this has increased from 13,760 permanent humanitarian visas granted by the Australian government in 2016-17, plus an additional 8,208 visas remaining from the 12,000 visas provided in response to the Syrian and Iraqi humanitarian crisis, bringing the 2016-17 total to 21,968 visas. The budget for 2017-18 was 16,250 visas and for 2018-19 is 18,750 visas. Source: Department of Home Affairs.

Humanitarian intake by program

Source: Visa Statistics, Department of Home Affairs

27,931

Total number of onshore protection visa (PV) applications lodged in 2017-2018, an increase from 2016-2017 when there were 18,290 applications lodged. The top five countries of origin for applicants in 2017-2018 are Malaysia (9,319), China (9,315), India (1,529), Vietnam (764), and Pakistan (589). The top five countries of origin for people granted onshore PVs in 2017-2019 are Syria (100%), Libya (99%), Iran (85%), Ethiopia (80%), and Iraq (79%). Source: Department of Home Affairs.

The ‘Legacy Caseload’ and temporary protection visas

31,144

The number of people seeking asylum in Australia from the ‘IMA Legacy Caseload' as of 31 July 2019. Source: Department of Home Affairs.

5,437  

Temporary Protection Visas (TPVs) granted to people from the IMA legacy caseload and 2,760 refusals as of 31 July 2019. Source: Department of Home Affairs.

10,422

Safe Haven Enterprise Visas (SHEVs) granted to people from the IMA legacy caseload and 4,236 refusals as of 31 July 2019. Source: Department of Home Affairs.

12,466

People seeking asylum in the who arrived by boat living in Australia on a Bridging Visa E (BVE) as of 30 June 2019. A further 2,041 are living on expired BVEs which are yet to be renewed. 45.7% are in Victoria, 38% in NSW, and 6.1% in Queensland. In Victoria (1,295) and NSW (585) alone, 1,885 are children. Source: Department of Home Affairs.


ASYLUM SEEKERS INTERNATIONALLY

2.14 million

New asylum applications and appeals lodged between January and December 2018, the majority received in the United States. Source: UNHCR.

3.5 million

Individuals awaiting outcomes on their applications for asylum or refugee status globally at the end of 2018. Source: UNHCR.

1.13 million

Asylum cases decided on in 2018. Of these, 351,100 people were recognised as refugees, 149,000 were granted complementary protection and 634,000 had their claims rejected. Source: UNHCR.

1.4 million

Estimated number of refugees in need of third country resettlement in 2018. Source: UNHCR.

92,400

Refugees globally were resettled to third countries in 2018, 11% fewer than in 2017. Australia accepted 12,700. This amounts to 6.6% of the total number of people estimated to be in need of third country resettlement in 2018. Source: UNHCR

Global migrant border deaths

Source: International Organization for Migration: https://missingmigrants.iom.int/

Last updated: 2 September 2019

Statistics are updated regularly. Request an asylum statistic: info@asyluminsight.com.